Cross-dressing has existed for a long time and across many cultures in both the East and the West. In Japan, traditions of male performers in female costume and vice versa have been around since the Middle Ages. Kabuki theatre includes male actors who specialise in playing female roles, perfectly dressed as women. There are plenty of examples in fictional stories as well. When it comes to ukiyo-e, pictures in the ‘yatsushi-e’ and ‘mitate-e’ styles depict historical persons and characters with genders switched. This book presents a broad overview of the Edo period’s culture and customs of crossing the gender boundary through a wide variety of ukiyo-e artworks.